How to Check Host Name in Command Prompt (CMD)

How to Check Host Name in Command Prompt (CMD)

The Command Prompt (CMD) in Windows provides a powerful interface for executing various commands to manage and troubleshoot your system. One common task is checking the host name, which identifies your computer on a network. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore how to check the host name using the Command Prompt and delve into additional details about host names and their significance in network environments.


Understanding Host Names

Before diving into the specifics of checking host names in CMD, let’s first understand what a host name is and why it’s important. A host name is a unique identifier assigned to a device on a network. It typically consists of a combination of letters, numbers, and hyphens and helps distinguish one device from another. Host names are crucial for network communication, as they enable devices to identify and communicate with each other effectively.

Host names play a vital role in various networking scenarios, including local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), and the internet. For example, in a home network, each computer may have its own host name to facilitate file sharing and printer access. Similarly, on the internet, web servers, email servers, and other network devices use host names to route traffic and provide services to users.

Checking Host Name in Command Prompt:

Now that we have a basic understanding of host names, let’s proceed to check the host name using the Command Prompt. Follow these step-by-step instructions:

  1. Open Command Prompt:
    • Press the Windows key + R to open the Run dialog.
    • Type “cmd” and press Enter to open the Command Prompt.
  2. Check Host Name:
    • In the Command Prompt window, type the following command:
  • Press Enter.
  • The host name of your computer will be displayed on the next line.

Additional Options:

  • Alternatively, you can use the “echo” command to display the host name:
  • Press Enter, and the host name will be displayed.

Understanding the Output:

When you execute the “hostname” command in Command Prompt, it retrieves the host name directly from the system’s configuration. Similarly, the “echo %COMPUTERNAME%” command accesses the environment variables to fetch the host name. The output displayed in the Command Prompt window represents the host name assigned to your computer.

Importance of Host Names in Networking: Host names serve several essential functions in networking environments:

  1. Identification: Host names uniquely identify devices on a network, allowing them to communicate with each other efficiently.
  2. Address Resolution: Host names are often associated with IP addresses through Domain Name System (DNS) resolution. This mapping enables users to access network resources using human-readable names instead of numerical IP addresses.
  3. Routing: Network devices, such as routers and switches, use host names to route traffic to the appropriate destinations. Host names help streamline data transmission and optimize network performance.
  4. Security: Host names play a role in access control and security policies within network infrastructures. By identifying devices by their host names, administrators can enforce granular security measures and restrict unauthorized access.
  5. Troubleshooting: Host names simplify the troubleshooting process by providing meaningful identifiers for network devices. When diagnosing connectivity issues or network errors, administrators can quickly identify devices based on their host names and isolate problems more effectively.


Checking the host name in Command Prompt is a straightforward process that can provide valuable information about your computer’s network configuration. Host names play a crucial role in networking environments, facilitating communication, routing, security, and troubleshooting. By understanding how to check host names and their significance in network operations, users can better manage and maintain their network infrastructure

About the Author
Posted by KavyaDesai

Experienced web developer skilled in HTML, CSS, JavaScript, PHP, WordPress, and Drupal. Passionate about creating responsive solutions and growing businesses with new technologies. I also blog, mentor, and follow tech trends. Off-screen, I love hiking and reading about tech innovations.